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初中英语知识点之核心句型汇总

2017-07-28 09:43:51  来源:网络整理

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康奈尔笔记本

干货公开课视频

记录错题本

学习报告规划解读

 

在英语学习中,句型也是一个考察重点。同学们在选择、完型、阅读等各种题型中都会碰到。句型掌握得多,作文水平也会提高不少。以下是初中英语知识点之核心句型汇总

 

句型1:There+be +主语+地点状语/时间状语

There’s a boat in the river.

河里有条船。

 

句型2:What’s wrong with+sb. / sth. ?

What’s wrong with your watch?

你的手表有什么毛病?

 

句型3:How do you like...?

How do you like China?

你觉得中国怎么样?

 

句型4:What do you like about...?

What do you like about China?

你喜欢中国的什么?

 

句型5:had better(not)+动词原形

You’d better ask that policeman over there.

你最好去问问那边的那个警察。

 

句型6:How+adj. / adv. +主语+谓语!

What a/an+adj. +n. +主语+谓语!

How cold it is today !

今天多冷啊!

 

What a fine picture it is!

多美的一幅图画呀!

 

句型7:Thank+sb. +for (doing) sth.

Thank you for coming to see me.

感谢你来看我。

 

句型8:So+be/ 情态动词/ 助动词+主语

He is a student. So am I.

他是一个学生,我也是。

 

句型9:... not ... until ...

He didn’t have supper until his parents came back.

直到他的父母回来他才吃饭。

 

句型10:比较级+and+比较级

The baby cried harder and harder.

那孩子哭得越来越厉害。

 

句型11:the +比较级,the +比较级

The more one has,the more one wants.

越有越贪。

 

句型12:... as +adj./ adv.+as ...

…not as/so+adj/adv. +as...

Do you think that art is as important as music?

你认为艺术和音乐一样重要吗?

 

Last Sunday the weather was not so wet as it is today.

上个星期天的天气不如今天的天气潮湿。

 

句型13:more/ less +adj.+than...

I think art is less important than music.

我认为艺术不如音乐重要。

 

句型14:stop sb/sth from doing sth.

The Great Green Wall will stop the wind from blowing the earth away.

绿色长城将阻挡风吹走土壤。

 

句型15:both ... and ...

Both you and I are students.

我和你都是学生。

 

句型16:either ... or...

Either you or he is wrong .

不是你错就是他错。

 

句型17:neither ... nor ...

Neither he nor I am a student.

我和他都不是学生。

 

句型18:... as soon as ...

As soon as I see him,I’ll give him the message.

我一见到他,我就把你的消息告诉他。

 

句型19:... so+adj. / adv.+that ...

I was so tired that I didn’t want to speak.

我累得连话也不想说了。

 

句型20:Though...+主句

Though I like writing to my pen-friend,it takes a lot of time.

虽然我喜欢给笔友写信,但它要耗费我大量时间。

 

句型21:be going to do sth

This afternoon I’m going to buy an English book.

今天下午我要去买本英语书。

 

句型22:be different from

I think this is different from Chinese names.

我认为这与汉语名字不同。

 

句型23:Welcome(back) to...

Welcome back to school!

欢迎回到学校!

 

句型24:have fun doing

We’re going to have fun learning and speaking English this term.

这学期我们将兴味盎然地学习和讲英语。

 

句型25:... because ... / ...,so ...

I don’t know all your names because this is our first lesson.

因为这是我们的第一节课,所以我并不知道你们所有人的名字。

 

句型26:Why don’t you do... = Why not do...

Why don’t you come to school a little earlier?

为什么不早点到校呢?

 

句型27:make it

Let’s make it half past nine.

让我们定在九点半吧!

 

句型28:have nothing to do

They have nothing to do every day.

他们每天无所事事。

 

句型29:be sure that...

be sure of/ about sth.

be sure to do sth.

I think so, but I’m not sure.

我想是这样,但不敢确定。

 

I was not sure of / about the way,so I asked someone.

我对于怎么走没有把握,所以我问别人了。

 

句型30:between ... and ...

There is a shop between the hospital and the school.

在那家医院和那所学校之间有一家商店。

 

句型31:keep sb. / sth. +adj/doing/介词短语/adv

You must keep your classroom clean.

你们必须保持教室干净。

 

Sorry to have kept you waiting.

对不起,让你久等。

 

Can you keep him in the room ?

你能让他在这个房里吗?

 

Keep them here.

让他们在这儿呆着。

 

句型32:find +宾语+宾补

He finds it very hard to travel around the big city .

他发现要环游这个大城市是很难的。

 

句型33:... not ... any more/ longer

The old man doesn’t travel any more.

这位老人不再旅行了。

 

He isn’t a thief any longer.

他不再是个贼。

 

句型34:What’s the weather like...?

What’s the weather like in spring in your hometown ?

在你们家乡春天天气怎么样?

 

句型35:There is no time to do sth

sb have no time to do sth

There was no time to think.

没有时间思考。

 

I have no time to go home for lunch.

我没有时间回家吃午饭。

 

句型36:Help oneself to...

Help yourself to some fish.

吃鱼吧!

 

句型37:used to do sth

I used to read this kind of story books.

我过去常读这种故事书。

 

句型38:borrow ... from...

I borrowed an English book from him.

我从他那借了一本英语书。

 

句型39:lend sb. sth.= lend sth. to sb.

He lent me a story book=He lent a story book to me.

他借了本故事书给我。

 

句型40:have been to...

Have you ever been to Haw aii?

你曾去过夏威夷吗?

 

句型41:have gone to...

Where’s he?He’s gone to Washington.

他在哪儿?他去华盛顿了。

 

句型42:be famous for...

Hawaii is famous for its beautiful beaches.

夏威夷以它美丽的海滩而出名。

 

句型43:No matter +疑问句+主句

No matter when you come,you are welcomed.

无论你们什么时候来,都受欢迎。

 

句型44:be afraid of / to do / that...

I’m afraid not.

恐怕不能。

 

Don’t be afraid of making mistakes when speaking English.

当说英语时不要害怕犯错误。

 

句型45:... as ... as possible

... as ... as sb can

I hope to see him as soon as possible.

我希望能尽快见到他。

 

He ran here as fast as he could.

他尽最大努力跑到这儿。

 

句型46:practise / enjoy / finish doing

A young man practised speaking English with Mr Green.

一个年青人和格林先生练习说英语。

 

Tom enjoys playing football very much.

汤姆很喜欢踢足球。

 

He finished reading the story book.

他看完了那本故事书。

 

句型47:It’s said that ...

It’s said that one of the most dangerous sharks is the Great White Shark.

据说最危险的鲨鱼之一是大白鲨。

 

句型48:Not all / everyone ...

Not all sharks are alike.

并不是所有的鲨鱼都一样。

 

Not everyone likes dumplings.

并不是每个人都喜欢饺子。

 

句型49:be based on

His argument is based on facts.

他的论断是以事实为根据的。

 

句型50:... so that ...

Put the tree in the hole so that it is straight.

把树放入洞穴中,让它立直。

 

句型51:be+num. +metres / kilometres / years...+long / wide / deep / high / old...

The Great Green Wall is 7,000 kilometres long.

绿色长城长7000公里。

 

The river is about 2 metres deep.

这条河大约有2米深。

 

The boy is about 12 years old .

这个男孩约12岁。

 

句型52:keep ... from doing

The heavy rain kept us from starting out.

大雨阻止了我们出发。

 

句型53:with one’s help...

With Tom’s help,I’ve come to America to study further. 在汤姆的帮助下,我来美国深造。

 

句型54:I don’t think ...

I don’t think any of them is interesting.

我认为他们中任何一个都无趣。

 

句型55:What’s the population of ...?

What’s the population of Germany ?

德国的人口有多少?

 

句型56:prefer to do … rather than do

They prefer to buy a new one rather than repair it.

他们更喜欢买一辆新车,而不愿去修理它。

 

句型57:be worth (doing) …

This book is worth reading.

这本书值得读。

 

句型58:regard … as...

They regarded their pets as members of their families.

他们把宠物视为家庭成员。

 

句型59:be confident of

I’m confident of success.

我确信会成功。

 

句型60:seem to do

seem +adj

seem (介词短语)

He seems to be angry.

他似乎生气了。

 

The house seems too noisy.

这房子似乎太吵了。

 

句型61:be angry with / about / at(doing)

We’re all very angry with ourselves.

我们都很生自己的气。

 

I was angry about his decision to build a factory here.

我很生气他决定把工厂建在这儿。

 

I was angry at being kept waiting.

这样一直等我很生气。

 

句型62:pay for / pay … for

He paid for the book and went away.

他付完书款便离开了。

 

I paid him £200 for the painting.

买这幅画我付了他200英镑。

 

以上是初中英语知识点之核心句型汇总

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